Understanding Migraine: A Comprehensive Guide by Dr. Rituparna Das

Migraine is a neurological condition characterized by recurrent, severe headaches often accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light and sound. Dr. Rituparna Das, one of the best pain physician in kolkata, brings her expertise to shed light on this complex and debilitating condition.

I. What is Migraine?

Migraine is not just a headache; it is a neurological disorder that involves a complex interplay of genetic, environmental, and neurological factors. Dr. Das explains that migraines typically manifest as moderate to severe headaches, often on one side of the head, and can last for hours to days.

II. Understanding the Triggers:

Migraine attacks can be triggered by various factors, and identifying these triggers is crucial for effective management. Dr. Das delves into common triggers such as:

a. Environmental Factors: Bright lights, loud noises, and certain odors can trigger migraines in susceptible individuals.

b. Hormonal Changes: Fluctuations in estrogen levels, often associated with the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, or menopause, can trigger migraines.

c. Stress and Anxiety: Emotional stress and tension are well-known triggers for migraines. Dr. Das discusses stress management strategies that can help reduce the frequency of attacks.

III. Symptoms and Phases of Migraine:

Dr. Rituparna Das guides readers through the various phases of a migraine attack, including the prodrome (premonitory symptoms), aura (sensory disturbances), headache phase, and postdrome (recovery phase). Understanding these phases is crucial for accurate diagnosis and timely intervention.

IV. Diagnosis and Treatment Options:

Accurate diagnosis is essential for effective management. Dr. Das explains the diagnostic criteria for migraines and discusses the various treatment options available, including:

a. Acute Medications: Pain relievers, anti-nausea medications, and triptans are commonly prescribed for acute migraine attacks.

b. Preventive Medications: For individuals with frequent or severe migraines, preventive medications may be recommended to reduce the frequency and intensity of attacks.

c. Lifestyle Modifications: Dr. Das emphasizes the importance of lifestyle changes, such as maintaining a regular sleep schedule, staying hydrated, and managing stress.

V. The Role of Nutrition:

Diet plays a significant role in migraine management. Dr. Das explores dietary triggers and recommends a migraine-friendly diet that may help reduce the frequency of attacks.

VI. Innovative Therapies and Future Directions:

Dr. Rituparna Das discusses emerging therapies and advancements in migraine treatment, including neuromodulation devices and targeted medications. She provides insights into the exciting developments in the field and their potential impact on migraine care.


Migraine is a complex neurological condition that requires a multidimensional approach for effective management. Dr. Rituparna Das, with her expertise in pain management, offers valuable insights into the various aspects of migraine, from understanding triggers to exploring innovative treatment options. This comprehensive guide serves as a valuable resource for both healthcare professionals and individuals living with migraines, empowering them to navigate the challenges of this condition with knowledge and confidence.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *